George Orwell's 1984 (published in 1949) and Frank Stockton's "The Lady or the Tiger?" (published in 1882) both depict qualities of a leader. Interestingly, the most definite "leader" between these two stories is probably Big Brother himself (itself?). Orwell's novel is set in a totalitarian state which results from a nuclear world war. The state of Oceania is ruled by the socialist party INGSOC, popularly known simply as "the Party." The leader of the Party is Big Brother, who, though disembodied (and probably representing a group of powerful people), rules by fear. There are signs all over the city which read, "Big Brother is Watching You." The novel follows the journey of its protagonist, Winston Smith, whose job it is to write and edit history. By the end of the novel, his adherence to the Party is described as follows: "But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother."
Frank Stockton's leader in "The Lady or the Tiger?" is a semi-barbaric king, described as follows: "He was a man of exuberant fancy, and, withal, of an authority so irresistible that, at his will, he turned his varied fancies into facts." The plot of the short story focuses on this the lover of the princess, whom the king subjects to his unique form of justice. The king's method involves bringing the accused into an arena full of spectators and giving the accused an opportunity to pick between two doors, behind one of which is a tiger who will kill the accused immediately and gruesomely, and behind the other of which is a beautiful woman, whom the accused must marry. The king is not as loathsome as Big Brother, but he is more creative and perhaps a bit more self-indulgent (bringing his "varied fancies into facts.") When the king discovers his daughter's affair, he subjects her lover to this same form of torture: "He did not hesitate nor waver in regard to his duty in the premises. The youth was immediately cast into prison, and a day was appointed for his trial in the king's arena." The story does not reveal the fate of the accused (who was surreptitiously told which door to pick by the king's daughter); however, the king is a spectacularly clever, if brutish character, who does not absolve even his daughter of his unique form of justice.