In Chapter 20 of To Kill a Mockingbird, what do Dill and Scout learn from Mr. Dolphus Raymond?Chapter 20
Mr. Raymond,who is looked down upon because he has fathered children of mixed race, tells Dill and Scout that he is not really a drunk as the townspeople believe. He has chosen to act the part, weaving a little and drinking out of a paper sack, in order to give people a reason they "can latch onto" for disapproving of the way he lives.
Mr. Raymond knows that the town condemns him because he has defied a social standard rooted in prejudice. People cannot admit that the reason for their condemnation is rooted in bigotry, however. It is easier for them to blame his chosen lifestyle, and their disapproval of it, on his drunkenness, and so, even though he sips only Coca Cola from his sack, Mr. Raymond obligingly allows them to cling to this misconception. Mr. Raymond also says that he is telling his secret to Scout and Dill because, as children, "things haven't caught up to (their) instinct(s) yet." Because of their innocence, they see the truth as it really is, uncolored by social expectations (Chapter 20).
Mr. Raymond's revelation is important in this chapter because, as the scene shifts to the courtroom where Atticus is defending Tom Robinson, it is evident that the only reason Tom might be declared guilty is because of social preconceptions rooted in racial intolerance. In order to convict Tom, the jury must deny the truth and rationalize away the evidence of their own biases by hiding behind long-standing social beliefs.
In chapter 20, Scout and Dill leave the courthouse so that Dill can regain his composure, and the children end up having an enlightening conversation with Dolphus Raymond. Dolphus Raymond is considered a social outcast because he has several biracial children and openly associates with African Americans. The community members of Maycomb also believe that Dolphus Raymond is a notorious alcoholic because he continually drinks from a paper bag and staggers when he walks through town.
When the children walk outside, Dolphus overhears Dill crying and offers him a drink from his paper bag. Dill is pleasantly surprised to discover that there is a bottle of Coca-Cola inside Dolphus's bag. When Scout inquires as to why Dolphus pretends to be an alcoholic, he tells Scout that citizens don't agree with his lifestyle, and says that he feigns alcoholism because it helps people "latch onto a reason."
Dolphus proceeds to tell Scout and Dill that he entrusts them with his secret because they are innocent children, who understand that it is wrong to treat African Americans differently because of their race. Overall, Scout believes that Dolphus Raymond is an extremely interesting person with an intriguing secret.