Communications systems (which include transportation in general) and level of technology have a two-way relationship with a country’s economic development. These factors help a country to develop, thus making them a cause of development. However, they are also an effect of development as a developing country tends to create better infrastructure and more technology.
Countries that do not have good systems of communications and high levels of technology cannot be highly developed in today’s world. Communication is needed to link buyers and sellers together in a market. It is needed to enable people to become well educated. Communication in the form of transportation is needed to move goods from place to place in an efficient way. One example of this can be seen in this link, which tells us about the rate of cell phone penetration in various countries. The graph in the link shows us that it is the poorer countries in the world (in general) that have the fewest cell phones per person. The lowest numbers of cell phones per person tend to be found in sub-Saharan Africa. The countries of that region are poor in part because of their lack of communications. As another example of this, the article in this link tells us that South Sudan has only 190 miles of paved roads in a country that is about the same size as France. Partly because of this, South Sudan is one of the poorest countries in the world. The article also shows us how much the South Sudanese economy improved when one major road into the country from Uganda was paved. These are some examples of how important transportation and communications are for a country’s development.
In today’s world, high levels of technology are also found in all developed countries. As a country becomes more and more developed, its economy has the ability to produce higher levels of technology. An example of this is the rise in 3-D printing in the rich economies of the world. By contrast, countries with weaker economies have lower levels of technology. As this link shows us, this is true even in relatively low-tech sectors such as agriculture. We can see that poorer countries have many fewer tractors even though larger percentages of their populations are engaged in farming. Poorer countries do not produce as much technology. Just as importantly, their lack of technology makes it harder for them to develop.
In today’s world, it is impossible for a country to be developed unless its communications networks and levels of technology are high. The technology and the communications help create development and development, in turn, produces more technology and communication.