Ponyboy's perspective on life increases throughout the novel as he learns about himself and others through his various experiences. After Ponyboy speaks to Cherry and Randy, he realizes Socs are not that different from Greasers. He becomes aware Socs also struggle in different ways, and they, too, are adversely affected by the ongoing violence. At the end of the novel, Ponyboy realizes he was selfish by not appreciating Darry's sacrifice and needs to be more sympathetic to Sodapop's needs. Ponyboy learns his oldest brother has a lot of responsibility and made significant sacrifices to keep their family together. Pony also learns some individuals mask their inner feelings. He was previously not aware that Sodapop was in emotional pain after his girlfriend moved away because Sodapop always acted happy-go-lucky. Pony realizes he needs to start communicating more with his brothers and considering their needs. Ponyboy also learns he has a responsibility to share his experiences with others who are going through similar struggles, which is why he decides to write the novel.