what the disadvantages of teaching English as foreign language in non English speaking counties?what are the sociocultural ,Linguistic and academic effects of Teaching English as a foreign language...
what are the sociocultural ,Linguistic and academic effects of Teaching English as a foreign language in non-English speaking countries? plz help me :(
I see mostly advantages of teaching any foreign language in any country. Just as students in the United States have an advantage if they leave school bilingual, so will students in other countries, especially if the language they have learned like English, is widely used across the globe. Speaking English as a second language gives you an advantage in travel as well as business, particularly in our current global economy. English is not only spoken in many countries but can often be the common language amongst people who speak different languages. Academically the ability to read in English, opens up an enormous amount of opportunities. Reading something in its original language is always to the readers advantage; "lost in translation" is not just a clique, it is an actual truth.
On the other hand English is difficult to learn as a second language because it does not follow grammatical rules as easily as other languages, particularly the romance languages. In additional English has many forms (British English and American English just to start), many dialects, many regional words and phrases, as well as an abundance of idioms and colloquial language used even in formal settings. Lastly there is some stigma to teaching English in areas where America in particular is the prime enemy. Teaching English may be thought of as Westernizing in areas that do not want or need to be westernized.
One thing that this can do is to (perhaps) kill off other languages and/or cultures. By teaching everyone English, we make the world much more homogeneous. As more people learn to speak English, their native languages may fall out of use and eventually disappear. This is not likely for large languages, but small languages are disappearing and this may be a reason for that.
I teach English in a non-native country so I'm going to answer this from my personal experience.
- I have a lot of difficulties sometimes teaching students due to differences in educational standards. In the country where I teach, critical thinking is not taught in schools. Their educational system is based on memorization and because of this students have a very difficult time with analytical essay writing and it strongly effects students ability to speak with fluency. They can memorize vocabulary but when it comes to actually using the vocabulary in an essay format they struggle to understand how the words are properly used. Often there are nuances that standard definitions miss out on.
- Another complication I find is with vocabulary itself. Many words and concepts don't translate directly. They have phrases and expressions in their native tongue that we don't have in English and finding proper translations is often difficult. We also have English vocabulary that doesn't translate well into their native tongue. I believe that these sorts of nuances would be more easily overcome when teaching in an English speaking country because the students would already understand some of the cultural implications of the English vocabulary that seems to get lost when trying to explain things in a non-native country.
- The other difficulty, that I often struggle with is exposure to English. Most students are only exposed to English in the classroom, sometimes with lessons only once or twice a week. It greatly inhibits their progress when they are not exposed to English daily. They can study at home from textbooks but without regularly speaking practice it's difficult to gain English speaking ability. They often exceed expectations on written tests but their speaking ability is rarely at a comparable level to their written levels.