What are the disadvantages of industrialization?

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The biggest disadvantage of industrialization is pollution. The Industrial Revolution resulted in a huge amount of smog and smut. It covered the streets and stung in the air. Industrializaion also resulted in polluted rivers and workers made ill by chemicals. These days pollution is more under control, but the effecfs...

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The biggest disadvantage of industrialization is pollution. The Industrial Revolution resulted in a huge amount of smog and smut. It covered the streets and stung in the air. Industrializaion also resulted in polluted rivers and workers made ill by chemicals. These days pollution is more under control, but the effecfs are still there.
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One of the advantages of the production methods prior to industrialization was that things were generally produced locally with local expertise.  One of the frustrating things about our industrial system that all of us have dealt with is the inability to get something repaired or the incredible difficulty in getting a replacement or refund.  Prior to mass production, a craftsman's reputation and future success was on the line so if something was defective or there was a problem, they would generally attempt to fix it in order to maintain that reputation.  It was also locally repairable as opposed to needing to be sent to some distant service center.

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The previous thoughts are quite accurate.  I might also suggest that there is an intense environmental disadvantage to industrialization.  The wide open spaces that serve as natural habitats and areas where communion with nature is evident are destroyed in name of economic progress.  The mass of urbanization and cities that end up resulting from the factory system help to create overcrowded conditions where the delicate balances of the ecosystem are destroyed.  Additionally, the more factories that are produced that use the burning of fossil fuels release contaminants in the environment that end up creating huge plumes of polluted area, and trapping gasses that increase the Earth's temperature.  From a theoretical point of view, the disadvantage with industrialization is that it ends up forcing a choice with the respect of nature and the respect for the dollar.  Economic progress ends up trumping environmental advocacy and in this light, there is a significant perceived disadvantage with industrialization. While industry is a driving force of all social orders, to have it trade off with environmental protection and awareness is an intense disadvantage.

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The major disadvantages of industrialization was the change in farming methods, culture of the farm town,  and potential industrial collapse when the community has a single industry.

Thanks to industrialization, farmers left the fields in favor of a steady pay check.  This gave rise to bigger farms which required newer technology to grow product faster and be able to weed easier.  Thus, the hybrid seeds that have less nutritional value and pesticides which destroyed things other than weeds, like birds.

The culture of the farm town also went away.  Farm towns were places where communities of people came together to help each other out in hard times.  The towns were small, the schools were small and children had a harder time slipping through the cracks because everybody knew everybody else.  One could argue that this was not always a good thing.

Then there is the problem when the factory closes, creating too many families where the bread winner no longer had a pay check.  Think about the steel towns in Pennsylvania or the iron mines in Northern Minnesota, or more recently, the Motor City of Detroit without the car industry.  Without a back up industry, families move; often leaving their now worthless home behind, creating ghost towns and micro depressions within those areas.

There were many advantages to industrialization, and one shouldn't minimize them, but it did change many things for the worse.

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The major disadvantages of industrialization fall into two categories: social and environmental.

Environmentally, industrialization both pollutes the environment and depletes its resources.  Industry requires huge amounts of inputs such as ores and petroleum for fuel.  Its outputs (in the form of waste chemicals and such) are major pollutants.

Socially, industrialization changes a country in many ways.  Typically, there comes to be less security for workers, and less continuity with the past.  People move to cities, breaking family ties.  Time is more regimented, making it harder to observe traditional festivals.

These are but a few examples...

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Industrialization has some strong drawbacks. Industries require a large amount of raw materials in order to produce products for consumers. This depletes the number of raw materials such as coal, timber, and arable cropland for others. Nations have often gone to war to protect vital natural resources for their own industrial capacity. Industrialization can also cause pollution. Industrialists release toxic fumes from factories into the air and chemicals into the water supply. If left unchecked, these can make an environment unbearable.

Industrialization also has a human cost. Textile mill owners in Europe did not readily acknowledge that their cheap supplies of cotton were due to American slavery. Without factory safeguards, factories can be dangerous places. People are maimed and killed in factories even with these safeguards. Even if the worker survives, his quality of life suffers as he is no longer able to be employed in the same line of work due to disability. Workers are also often treated as another part of the machine; the goal of industrialization is to create the most products at the lowest cost. In the developing world, workers are paid poorly for grueling hours of work. While industrialization has its benefits, it clearly has drawbacks as well.

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The biggest disadvantage of industrialization is environmental. I always think of descriptions of London in the 19th century. A river of sludge, poisonous air, bodies in the streets and cramped, unsanitary working and living conditions. We are not always aware of what is in the air and water. We also don't know what's in the food we eat or the products we use. It's frightening!

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Disadvantages of industrialization could be grouped into several major categories.

Ecological effects of industrialization include pollution of air, water, and soil. Industrialization has created and continues to create waste materials that need to be stored or disposed of, often creating further potential for harm of the natural environment. Industrialization has resulted in and is still causing the depletion of natural resources, sometimes with further ramifications for the environment.

The negative impact of industrialization upon humans can be measured in terms of lives shortened through accidents or illnesses resulting from work in industrial settings and by changes to the basic structure of family units caused by new patterns of work and home responsibilities.

Financially, industrialization has led to increasing separation between "haves" and "have nots", whether referring to individuals or countries. Those persons and countries who are benefiting from industrialization are consuming an increasing percentage of the world's resources, leaving those who are not included in the industrialized world further and further behind in lifestyle and potential for future development.

 

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