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What is the difference between the order and the conflict models of society?  

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The Order Model, also called functionalism, is a major sociological perspective popularized by Emile Durkheim. It asserts that society functions through social consensus or cohesion—its members collectively decide on what is best for society and work together to achieve these goals.

This social consensus takes on either one of two forms: mechanical solidarity or organic solidarity. Mechanical solidarity is when members of a society engage in similar values, beliefs, and types of work. This form commonly manifests in simple, traditional societies such as agricultural or fishing villages. Organic solidarity, meanwhile, is when the members of a society maintain interdependence even as they engage in different values, beliefs and types of work. This form commonly manifests in complex, industrialized societies. Ultimately, the Order Model posits that, through social cohesion, the dominant social order is naturally stable and beneficial to all its members.

The opposing sociological...

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