What are the different ways of preventing use of perfomance enhancing drugs in sports?
Im supposed do a presentation on drugs in sport, and I don't know what the ways of preventing are. And I don't know what to put in my conclusion.
Several methods of prevention are currently in use across professional sports. The most common preventative measure is drug testing.
By testing athletes on both regularly and at random times, professional sports bodies attempt to catch any illegal performance enhancing doping.
Sports like the NFL and NBA have defined penalties for abuses of substance abuse policies. These penalties are the deterrents intended to stop athletes from doping. Penalties, to date, do not include expulsion from the sport, though this is serious deterrent may one day be implemented.
What these sports currently seem to lack is a policy regarding record-keeping. This has been very clear in Major League Baseball, a sport recently marked by the dilemma of how to deal with home run records set by players guilty of using performance enhancing drugs.
Unfortunately, the methods that are usually used to prevent athletes from using performance enhancing drugs aren't 100% foolproof, at least until it is too late (as you can see from reading many major headlines of any professional sport of players being discovered using performance enhancing drugs). While there is a good chance that a player will be discovered using drugs, often times they are not caught until after they have used them and reaped the benefits-better playing performance, faster run times, able to lift more weights, etc.
One of the most common ways to test for drugs is a drug testing through a urine sample. There can be a lot to discover about what someone has been using from that sample. Often times blood samples will also do the trick.