In addition to what has already been mentioned, other popular models associated with production and operations management include Total Quality Management (TQM) and Just-in-Time (JIT).
Total Quality Management refers to a management model focused on providing superior quality products and services to satisfy the customer’s needs. The model does not allow room for compromise with regard to quality of the product or service, and quality remains the main focus of the entire operation. Defects and wastage within the operations are swiftly eradicated. The model supports continuous improvement and development in production and operation practices within the system.
Just-in-Time refers to a production model or system aimed at optimizing and improving the supply chain within a system’s operations. The model ensures wastage is minimized and efficiency increased by making certain that materials are only received when they are needed during production. The workability of the system is achieved through accurate forecasting.