Some major movements and periods are:
Absurd, literature of the (c. 1930–1970): Movement similar to surrealism, responding to absurdity of life in wake of death of God.
Aestheticism/decadence/symbolism (c. 1835–1910): A late-19th-century international literary movement favouring "art for art's sake."
Angry Young Men (1950s–1980s): Lower class rebellious young men protesting English class system, stylistically traditional.
Bloomsbury Group (c. 1906–1930s): Modernist writers living in the Bloomsbury section of London.
Elizabethan era (c. 1558–1603): Reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Part of international Renaissance and Reformation.
Gothic (c. 1764–1820): Late-18th-century and early 19th, figuring dramatic and terrifying situations, medievalism, plot and atmosphere over character analysis.
Metaphysical poets (c. 1633–1680): Type of Jacobean poetry using complex and erudite metaphor.
Middle English (c. 1066–1500): Linguistically and stylistically defined as between Anglo-Saxon and modern English.
Modernism (1890s–1940s): International movement featuring radical stylistic innovations and responding to Freud, Marx, and Darwin.
Naturalism/Realism (c. 1865–1900): Featured ordinary characters and details of everyday life.
Neoclassicism (c. 1660–1798): Enlightenment movement featuring balance, symmetry, reason.
Romanticism (c. 1798–1832): Emphasized individual creativity, nature, spontaneity, emotion.
Victorian era (c. 1832–1901): Period between first Reform Bill (1832) and the death of Queen Victoria (reigned 1837–1901).