This play was a critical commentary on the social heirarchy of traditional French society, particularly that which existed in the 19th century. As such, every level of society is presented by Caron. Starting with aristocracy, we have the Count and Countess. In Dr. Bartholo and Judge Bridlegoose, Caron demonstrates the middle class. Finally, there is the lower class, made up in this play by the servants of the household and their family. It should be noted, however, that this class is further separated by gender. Men are higher and have more power than women, who are the lowest of the low class.