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In approaching the analysis of poem, the most important step is in identifying the controlling metaphor. This metaphor is the deadness and spiritlessness of the world that is covered with snow in the dying winter as it compares to the desolation and isolation of the speaker.
Unlike the Romatic poets, the speaker's concept of being included in the natural scene is not uplifting; instead, it is a condition of negativity, just as the man-made field that has been cultivated for a crop and has the stubble poking through the snow exists negatively with the rest of the snow-covered scene.
The last stanza, of course, expresses the most frightening "desert place" as it is the intensity of nothingness that exists in the soul of the speaker, a place of utter despair in which the emptiness of the natural scene intensifies his feeling of nothingness.
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