What are the different forms of perception?
I think you are asking about the five senses: taste, touch, hearing, sight, and smell.
Taste allows you to experience the sensation of food and other substances. This sense is experienced with the tongue and is closely related to smell.
Smell allows for the sensing of aromas through the nose. The combination of taste and smell allows for the experience of flavor.
Sight allows for the experience of vision in which the eyes detect and focus on objects and environments. Sight is dependent on the amount of light and is a mental, rather than physical, experience - vision happens in the brain with the eyes as a conduit.
Hearing is a physical and mental sense that allows for the perception of sound. Physical structures in the ears send sensory signals to the brain.
Touch is a sensory-motor sense allowing for the experience of physical sensations. The experience of "feeling" something physical happens through touch and relies on variations of pressure on nerve receptors.