Shakespeare's Sonnets Questions and Answers
by William Shakespeare

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What different figures of speech are in Shakespeare's Sonnet 162?

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ANAPHORA: the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of clauses or verses.

*Line 2: "LOVE is not LOVE..."

* Lines 9,11: both begin with "LOVE"

* In general, Shakespeare uses a kind of semi-anaphora throughout this poem, by using a word and then very soon using a variation of the same word:

*Line 3: "ALTERS when it ALTERATION finds"

* Line 4: "Bends with the REMOVER to REMOVE"

This device is related to:

a) ALLITERATION: the repetition of an initial consonant sound (like "Peter Piper Picked  a Peck of Pickled Peppers")

b) ASSONANCE: the repetition of vowel sounds "inside" a word (JAck's fAst frAnks, JEan's spEEdy clEAners)

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There are lots of figures of speech in this sonnet, as in any other.  I'll list a few, others might see other things...

  1. Alliteration.  You can see this in "alters... alteration" and "remover to remove"
  2. Metaphors.  Lots of them.  Love is a stationary mark, it is a star.  People are wandering barks (ships).
  3. Personification.  Love is seen to act like a person when it is actually not an animate object.  It has a certain life span, it looks at storms without being shaken.

All of these are figures of speech.

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