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This play is particularly interesting in the way that Shakespeare seems to use it to comment on acting and also to make fun of the excesses of various actors. This is perhaps most evident in Act III scene 2, when at the beginning, before the Players perform the play in front of the King and his court, Hamlet gives them some last minute advice on how to perform:
O, it offends me to the soul to hear a robustious, periwig-pated fellow tear a passion to tatters, to very rags, to split the ears of the groundlings, who for the most part are capable of nothing but inexplicable dumb shows and noise.
This speech is a strange collision of times and cultures. The phrase "groundlings" was unique to Shakespearian times, as it denoted people who paid only a penny to stand and watch the drama. Shakespeare, himself an actor, puts his own frustrations into the voice of Hamlet, his protagonist, in order to mock the failings of actors in his own day and also for comic effect. This is further supported by Polonius, who fancies himself as a bit of an actor due to his one past performance on the stage. One aspect of this play that it is important to note, therefore, is the way in which Shakespeare uses the attitudes of characters towards drama in order to hold up a mirror to his audience of Elizabethan theatre, mocking its excesses.
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