What are the differences between social policy and social welfare policy?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There is a difference between social policy and social welfare policy. A reference to social policy includes both the goals of collective responsibilities and the services that are needed to carry out these responsibilities. Social policies include the rules and the laws that define what public social welfare is and that authorizes groups to try to achieve the purpose of the social policies. An example of a social policy would be a tax credit to help families pay for the cost of child daycare or the cost of higher education.

Social welfare policy refers to the responsibilities that the government and the society have to each other. It includes the structures and measures that allow for these responsibilities to occur. These responsibilities could be carried out by either informal organizations or by formal organizations. These could be public organizations, for-profit organizations, or private nonprofit organizations. Examples of social welfare policies would include Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid.