What are the differences and similarities between plants and animal cells?

mkcapen1 | Student

Plant cells and animal cells have some things in common and some differences. 

Differences: Plant cells have centrioles or intermediate filaments.  They also have a more square shape and contain chloroplasts. Plants have a cell wall that is made up of fibrils of cellulose.  Plants and animal cells divide to form new cells.  Plant cells produce their own food or energy.  Animal cells must obtain food from a source outside of the body.

Alike: Plant and animal cells have a plasma membrane, a nucleus, a nucleolus, mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic recticulum, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, peroxisomes, and microtubles.

Plants and animal cells divide to form new cells. 


versatilekamini | Student

The living organisms are divided into two basic categories depending upon the presence or absence of nuclear envelope- (1) the prokaryotes and (2) the eukaryotes. The organisms included under prokaryotes lack an organised nucleus with definite nuclear envelope whereas those included under eukaryotes possess definite nucleus. Plant cells also are different from animal cells because they use photosynthesis to covert sunlight into needed food for the plant.

Both animal and plant cells have some similar structural elements. First off they are both eukaryotic, which means they have a defined nucleus. The nucleus contains chromosomes. It is protected and surrounded by the cytoplasm, which is a watery or gel-like liquid. Animal and plant cells have a cell membrane that surrounds the cell.

rchlcatron | Student

To add to mkcapen1's response, the cell wall surrounding plant cells provides them with extra support and the chloroplasts contain a green pigment known as chlorophyll which plays a role in the plant's ability to undergo photosynthesis.  Chlorophyll converts the energy in sunlight to chemical energy which is used to convert Carbon Dioxide and Water into Oxygen (the waste product) and Glucose (a type of sugar).  This sugar is then utilized by the mitochondria to power the other activities that take place within the cell.  As mkcapen1 noted, animals must obtain this glucose from a food source.  Most plant cells also have a large central vacuole that acts as a storage tank.  Some animal cells contain vacuoles too, however, they are much smaller than those found in plant cells.  Animal cells also contain centrioles which play an important role during cell division.  Spindle fibers are produced by these structures which are responsible for pulling chromatids to opposite sides of the cell during mitosis and meiosis. 

parama9000 | Student

Difference: Plant cells have chloroplasts in some cases, and all plant cells have cell walls.

Similarities: Both types of cells have a cell membrane, nucleus and cytoplasm.

atyourservice | Student

Plant cells have a rectangular shape.

Plant cells have centrioles.

Plants cells are able to go through photosynthesis.

Plant cells have pastids. 

A similarity would be:

They both have a nucleus, and a mitochondria.

they both have a membrane.

And they both have a cytoplasm.

jess1999 | Student

The difference of plants and animals cells is that plants have a cell wall surrounding the cell hence giving it a squarish rectangular shape. Plants also contain plastids while it is absent in animal cells. Most importantly plants cells are able to go through photosynthesis.

The similarities are that both cells do have cytoplasm, nucleus, ribosomes, mitochondria, and much more.

haseeb321 | Student

plant and animal cells similarities;they both have cell membrane. they both have nucleus.they have ribsomes


differnces;plants has only one big vacuole but animals have small vacuoles and there are many vacuoles.Plant cells produce their own food or energy.  Animal cells must obtain food from a source outside of the body.

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