What are the differences in how public health and private health services are funded, the sources of the funds, who can receive the benefits, how benefits are determined, and the limitations to...

What are the differences in how public health and private health services are funded, the sources of the funds, who can receive the benefits, how benefits are determined, and the limitations to each system?

Expert Answers
ivandeetan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The answer to these questions may vary depending on what country the system is based. In general, public health services are funded by the government and function for "nonprofit." Funds are usually limited, especially for developing countries, and may be re-allocated to other sectors such as the private health system. The private health system, on the other hand, is composed of "for profit" institutions and funded by nongovernment organizations.

Public health systems are made accessible to the public as much as possible. They are more "community oriented" and usually bring supplies and health professionals together. However, eligibility for public health benefits may have restrictions in some countries such as requirements for citizenship and employment for non-citizens. Private health systems tend to be more costly (in terms of consultation fees, prescribed medicine and additional services that may be arguably unnecessary) and thus restrict access to their services.

A study comparing the two systems in various countries actually showed poorer practices and treatment outcomes in the private system, in general. For the public system, it was found to be less equipped in terms of apparatuses, medicine, and staff as well as slow.