The term manager typifies the more structured, controlled, analytical, orderly, and rule-oriented end of the continuum. The leader end of the continuum connotes a more experimental, visionary, unstructured, flexible, and impassioned side.
Managers and leaders are not the same. They think differently internally, and behave differently externally.
In truth, leaders and managers tend to see different aspects of work and organizational life as important, and therefore, worthy of their time. They tend to treat people differently, and they spontaneously react to others differently. They tend to allow their people to have different focuses, and to limit their people in different ways.
Leadership is defined as the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers-in an environment of conflict, competition, or change-that results in the followers taking a course of action toward a mutually shared vision.
* The manager administers; the leader innovates.
* The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.
*The manager maintains; the leader develops.
*The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.
*The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.
* The manager accepts reality; the leader investigates it.
* The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective.
* The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.
* The manager has his or her eye always on the bottom line; the leader has his or her eye on the horizon.
* The manager imitates; the leader originates.
* The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.
* The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his or her own person.
* The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing.