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What are the differences between the Articles of Confederation, the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, the Hamilton Plan, and the U.S. Constitution?

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The Articles of Confederation was a plan of government for the United States after the colonists became independent from Great Britain when they won the Revolutionary War. The Articles of Confederation created a weak federal government, which caused many problems. The Americans were afraid of having a strong federal government, so they created one with limited powers. For example, the federal government couldn’t levy taxes and couldn’t make people join the military. Eventually, people realized these weaknesses needed to be addressed, so a meeting was held to write a new plan of government.

The Constitution was the new plan of government that was created. The federal government had much more power in the Constitution than it did in the Articles of Confederation. For example, the federal government could levy taxes, and there was a court system where disputes could be resolved. In the Constitution, there are three branches of government. These branches are the legislative, executive,...

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