A project is defined as a temporary activity aimed at achieving specific/narrow organization objectives. Programs, on the other hand, are organization activities aimed at achieving broader organization objectives by coordinating a group of projects. Thus, programs are much wider in scope compared to projects.
Projects have a predefined end date, while programs may continue to run in predefined cycles without an end date. Programs are made up of a higher number of participants, which includes participants in the different projects. Projects run within short time periods compared to programs, which require longer time periods to achieve the set objectives. Often programs deliver intangible results because the results are a combination of achievements in the different projects. On the other hand, projects often deliver tangible results.
A plan provides the steps to be carried out in both programs and projects. Thus, it establishes the goals, deliverables, and the level of collaboration for both programs and projects.