The Minoan civilization existed during 3,000–1,400 BCE, before the Mycenaean Civilization (1,600–1,100 BCE), and in many ways influenced the Mycenaean arts. While both civilizations created pottery, metal objects, and paintings on the walls of their buildings, Minoan artists developed more elegant frescoes in their palaces, incorporating the language known as Linear A into these works. Mycenaean artists developed the art of enameling and utilized the language known as Linear B in their artwork.
The Minoan people excelled at frescos (pigments mixed together with water and painted on the wall) and led Greek culture in pottery design. As Minoan culture expanded and attention turned to public buildings and palaces, Minoan artists began designing large frescos for the walls of these buildings, depicting themes of nature. Incorporated into this artwork was the writing known as Linear A.
Mycenaean art, by contrast, often reflected warrior-like tendencies; their paintings depicted hunting scenes and images of war. The Mycenaean people also used a language in their artwork, but it was a new language known as Linear B. Where Minoan culture developed the decoration of pottery, Mycenaean artists became experts in enameling. The process they established melts glass over metal to create a jewel-like texture.
The best way to find the difference in styles from these two cultures is to compare and contrast actual images. Look at these two examples of pottery. The left is from the Myceneaen culture, while the right is from the Minoan culture. Ask yourself, are there differences in theme, line, medium, or color? What techniques do you think were used?