What is difference in the manners in which Ulysses descibes his people and his kingship when he hands over his kingdom to his son?
Your question concerning Tennyson's "Ulysses" is jumbled, filled with errors, and hard to interpret, so I couldn't edit it and am not sure what you mean. I'll assume you mean what is the difference between how Ulysses describes his people and his kingdom in the stanza in which he mentions that he is going to leave the responsibility of being king to his son.
I'm not sure there is a "basis of comparison" for these, but, in short, in this stanza the people are described as "rugged." Telemachus will need to, "Subdue them to the useful and the good." Concerning his kingship, the only thought mentioned in this stanza is that once Ulysses leaves, he'll do his work, and Telemachus will do his. Ulysses does not seem to think he'll miss being king of Ithaca. He'll do his traveling and his son can do the ruling.
In other stanzas of the poem, Ulysses reveals that he is bored with the everyday responsibilities of kingship and misses the adventure that his travels brought him in his youth.