What is the difference between spinning and weaving?

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Both spinning and weaving are traditional textile skills. These two activities are both related to the making of fabric, but spinning is focused on the creation of yarns or threads which are later used in other processes such as weaving or knitting. Spinning is often done with natural fibers such as wool, flax, cotton or silk. Natural fibers have organic variations in texture, and so spinning these fibers into thread or yarn smooths the inconsistencies while giving strength and retaining flexibility. The most ancient method of machine spinning is the drop spindle, but the spinning wheel has...

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Spinning and weaving are two steps in the production of textiles. However, the differences lie in the raw material used, process and end product.

Spinning produces thread, starting with plant products (say, cotton or flax) and animal products (say, wool or silk) or synthetic material; and the process of spinning may include carding the fiber, combing the fiber and forming rovings, smaller twists of carded and combed fiber to work with when spinning thread or yarn.

Weaving uses the finished thread or yarn available at the end of the spinning process and converts it into cloth. The weaving process requires a loom, while the spinning process makes use of a spindle or wheel. Weaving creates fabric by passing continuous rounds of thread crosswise through long, firmly held in place threads that provide the warp of the fabric, while the alternating up-down, over-under continuous, single crosswise thread provides the weft of the fabric.

Spinning produces a long but thin continuous thread for use in sewing, knitting, embroidery or weaving. Weaving produces long widths of continuous lengths of fabric that is made of multiple length-wise threads interwoven with one single, continuous crosswise thread and that is used to further produce goods such as clothing, blanketing and toweling. 

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