What is the difference between the southern and the northern lights?
The difference between the southern lights (technically known as the Aurora Australialis) and the northern lights (scientifically called the Aurora Borealis) is simply the location in which they occur.
Both phenomena are the result of interaction between streams of electrons, protons, and gas particles from the Sun colliding with Earth's magnetic fields, which are centered above the North and South magnetic poles. The collision between the solar charged waves of energy and the magnetically charged gas particles in Earth's magnetosphere gives off light energy, which is visible as the light patterns observed in the sky in the general area surrounding the pole that is pointing toward the Sun.
Both types of auroras give off high amounts of electricity in addition to the light energy that is generated.