What is the difference between natural sugar and artificial sweeteners? (In regards to chemistry)

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The chemical difference between natural sugar and artificial sweeteners is based upon what atoms of elements are bound together as molecules in the artificial sweetener as contrasted with the composition of natural sugar. Molecules of natural sugar are composed of atoms of hydrogen and oxygen. Artificial sweeteners may or may...

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The chemical difference between natural sugar and artificial sweeteners is based upon what atoms of elements are bound together as molecules in the artificial sweetener as contrasted with the composition of natural sugar. Molecules of natural sugar are composed of atoms of hydrogen and oxygen. Artificial sweeteners may or may not include hydrogen or oxygen. Instead, depending on the type or brand, they may include carbon, sulphur, or chlorine. The chemical composition of the artificial sweeteners relative to natural sugar does not necessarily affect the perception of taste. “Sweetness” is still perceived on the tongue.

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