Difference Between Monocot And Dicot

What are the differences between monocots and dicots?

Expert Answers
whoa-nelly eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Use the prefix mono (one) and di (two) to help you remember the differences between these two flowering plant types.

Flowering Plants are separated into two distinct groups, although there is some gray areas with certain plants.

Monocots produce one leaf from the seed after germinating; dicots produce 2

Monocots produce parallel leaf veins; dicots produce a net-like display of veins.

The differences continue and become more scientific.  Try the link below from Wikipedia to begin with if you need more information.

melony82 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several differences between monocots and dicots, here are three big ones.  The main one (that gave rise to the names) is that monocots have seeds that are one piece (like corn), while dicot seeds can be easily split in half (like peas). Other differences include that monocots have flower parts (like petals) in multiple of threes while dicots usually have them in multiples of 4 or 5.  In terms of the leaves, monocots exhibit parallel veins while dicots have reticulated (net-like) veins.   

sam9312 | Student

1)Monocts have single cotyledon (seed leaves)  |    Dicot have two cotyledons.

2) Monocotyledonous plant have parallel venation   |  Dicot plant have reticulated venation.

3) Monocotyledonous plant have fibrous root    |   Dicot plant have tap root.

rbrogdon | Student

Monocots and Dicots are types of seeds. There are several differences between them.

Monocots: 1) Have only one seed leaf inside. So when a monocot seed                    germinates, there is only one leaf that shoots up.

2) Leaves are usually long and narrow.

3) Stems are normally unbranched and the roots are short                      and stringy.

4) Flowers from monocot seeds are in three parts.

5) Seed pods have three parts and are large and fleshy.

Dicots:  1) Have two seed leaves inside. When a dicot seed                               germinates, two leaves shoots up.

2) Leaves are different shapes and sizes.

3) Stems are tough and branched. The root system is                         a single root with smaller roots growing from it.

4) Flowers from dicot seeds have parts in fours or fives.

5) Seeds are a variety of shapes, sizes and textures. They                     normally contain more seeds in a seedpod than                               monocots.

kathijadane | Student

The flowering plants (Angiosperms) are divided in to two groups.Namely Monocots & dicots.

Monocots: Plants which have only one colyledon in its seed are called monocots.

  • Unbranched stem
  • fiborous root system
  • no secondary life (The diameter of the stem doesn't change)
  • Has a parralel vein system in its leaves.(Reticulated)
  • Flower petals are in multiples of three

Eg:Coconut, Grass ,Bamboo ,Paddy

Dicots : Plants which have two cotyledons  in its seed is called dicots.

  • Branched stem
  • tap root system
  • Has a secodary life
  • Has a webbed vein system
  • Flower petals are in multiples of 4s or 5s

Eg: Jak, Beans, Breadfruit, chllies

sureshpandey | Student

The difference between Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons are summoned below:-

Dicotyledons

1  They have tap root system.

2  The leaves have reticulate venation.

3  The leaves are dorsiventral.

4  Seed has two cotyledons.

5  The flowers are usually tetra or pentamarous.

6  The transverse section of root contain 2 to 6 bundles of xylem or pheolem.

7  In stem, vascular bundles are arranged in a ring.

8  There is secondary growth.

Monocotyledons

1  They have adventitious root system.

2  The leaves have parallel veniation.

3  The leaves are isobilateral.

4  Seed has only one cotyledon.

5  The flowers are usually trimarous.

6  The transverse section of root contains 8-20 bundles of xylem and pheolem.

7  Instem, vascular bundles are scattered.

8  There is no secondary growth.

lynne10 | Student

Monocots, like corn for example, contain one cotyledon and most have extra enegry in the form of endosperm. They also have a fibrous root system.

Dicots, like beans for example, have two cotyledons which are the two halves of the bean seed. The dicot also has the taproot system.

patelmilia98 | Student

The seeds leaves, also called cotleydons, are different in monocots and dicots. Monocots have 1 cotleydons, while dicots have 2 cotleydons.

element-water | Student

Monocots:
-
Embryo with single cotyledon
- Pollen with single furrow or pore
- Flower parts in multiples of three
- Major leaf veins are parallel

Dicots:
- Embryo with two cotyledon
- Pollen with three furrows or pores
- Flower parts in multiples of four of five
- Major leaf veins are reticulated

vashok890 | Student

Monocots have one cotyledon

Dicot hyave 2 cotyledon

zeeshankamal007 | Student

DICOT SEEDS

  • They divide in two halves
  • There are two cotyledons
  • The cotyledons are thick & fleshy
  • The Endosperm is usually absent
  • The Embryo is large
  • Coleoptile & Coleorhiza are absent

MONOCOT SEEDS

  • They don't divide in two halves
  • There is only one cotyledon
  • The cotyledons are thin & narrow
  • The Endosperm is Present
  • They embryo is small
  • Coleoptile & Coleorhiza are present
femalegene | Student

Monocots and Dicots present quite a few different characteristics. Priminary and most importantly of monocots are consistment of seeds being single piece. While continueing, flowers have petals in multiple of three. In dicots having a case of multiples of four and five. Monocots also permit parallel veins while dicots perform reticulated veins. Steam vascular bundlers being scattered in monocots though are considered ring in dicots.

Numbering of palm, onion, lilly, and onions are in monocot format as for the dicot section, oak, mustard, blueberry, cacti, and even sunflowers. Matter of fact, a surfiet amount in dicots is numbered to 170,000 containing increasement and are also more assorted and comprised due to these numbers. While 65,000 containing decreasement in monocots. Being herbaceous plants consist long, narrow leaves alongside parallel veins in defining Monotyledonae meaning another word for moncot. In docotyledonae as in defining docot either being herbaceous being tomato, woody, or even hickory tree like.

kanishka-14 | Student

The primary and most important difference is that monocots consist of seeds that are a single piece-an example of which is corn, while dicot seeds can be split into two, like in the case of peas.

Another important difference is that while in monocots the flowers have petals in multiples of three, in the case of dicot these are in multiples of 4 or 5. As far as the leaves are concerned, monocots exhibit parallel veins while dicots have reticulated veins. There are many other features that distinguish the two. Take the case of the embryo for instance. As the name would suggest, and as one would imagine, an embryo in a monocot has a single cotyledon while the embruo with the dicot comes with two cotyledons. Then again in the case of monocots the pollen is with a single furrow or pore, whereas in the case of a dicot it is with three furrows or pores.

In the case of monocots the stem vascular bundles are scattered whereas in the case of dicots these are in a ring. The roots happen to be what is referred to as adventitious in the case of monocots, while the roots develop from radical when it comes to the dicots. Yet another trait that distinguishes the monocot from the dicot is the fact that in the case of the former, secondary growth is totally absent whereas in the case of dicots, it is sometimes present.



J6 | Student

A monocot has only one seed leaf (monocot is short for 'monocotyledon'. A cotyledon is a seed leaf, and 'mono' means one). This seed leaf is usually the same shape as the adult leaf, long and thin, and the leaf veins nearly always run parallel to the central midrib. Sometimes, the adult leaves are pinnate, as in many palms, but the veins are parallel on each leaflet. There are several monocot plant families that are instantly recognisable. Many food plants are grasses. So crops like wheat, oats, barley and sweetcorn are all monocots. Palms, Orchids, and most bulbous plants are monocots.

A dicot has two cotyledons (dicot is short for 'dicotyledon', and 'di' means two). The seed leaves are usually rounded and fat, because they are the two halves of the seed. The first true leaves can be many different shapes, from long and thin to rounded or palmate. Most trees and shrubs and many garden annuals and perennials are dicots, and there are many more species of dicots than there are monocots.

http://theseedsite.co.uk/monocot.html [accessed on 26/09/11]

salmanameerassadi | Student

MONOCOTS HAVE SINGLE COTYLEDON AND DICOT HAS TWO

awesome-ashish | Student

Monocot means one cotyledon and dicot means 2 cotyledon............... moncots have fibrus root system and dicots have tap root system...... monocots have narrow leaves with parallel veination; dicots have broad leaves with reticulate veination.

ella301 | Student

Embryos have only one cotyledon Leaves have parallel veins Flowers have petals in multiples of three In the stem, vascular bundles are scattered Dicots: Embryos have two cotyledons Leaves have branced veins Flowers have petals in multiples of four or five In the stem

mksb | Student
The seed leaves, also called cotyledons, are different in monocots and dicots. Monocots have one cotyledon, while dicots have two cotyledons. Other differences are illustrated in the following chart: Seed Leaf Leaves Veins Stems Flowers Roots Examples Monocots One Usually Vascular Floral parts Fibrous root Corn, lily, cotyledon parallel bundles in usually in system pineapple, scattered multiples of banana arrangement three Dicots Two Usually Vascular Floral parts Usually a taproot Pea, rose, cotyledons netlike bundles usually in sunflower, arranged multiples of ash in a ring four or five Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/what-are-the-major-differences-between-monocots-and-dicots#ixzz1Y4oL4WJI
hpus12 | Student
MONOCOTS DICOTS Embryo with single cotyledon Embryo with two cotyledons Pollen with single furrow or pore Pollen with three furrows or pores Flower parts in multiples of three Flower parts in multiples of four or five Major leaf veins parallel Major leaf veins reticulated Stem vacular bundles scattered Stem vascular bundles in a ring Roots are adventitious Roots develop from radicle Secondary growth absent Secondary growth often present

 

cationz | Student

As the name suggests monocots(cots as in cotyledons) have one cot whereas dicots have two cots.....cotyledons are basically the reseved food material in the seed which gets used up during germination

riteshjha1 | Student
one simple and appropriate difference b\w monocot and dicot is that monocot is a single sead plant while dicot is a double sead plant. an example of monocot is corn and dicot is rajma
lovepeacea | Student

Monocots are individual, single seeds. Dicots are double seeds:D

gagangag | Student

one simple and appropriate difference b\w monocot and dicot is that monocot is a single sead plant while dicot is a double sead plant.
an example of monocot is corn and
dicot is rajma


wadada | Student

monocots undergo epigeal germination whereas dicots undergo hypogeal germination

shafiie1012 | Student

monocots starts with mono while dicots starts with di

 

lakshmi1997 | Student

Monocots: Plants which have only one colyledon in its seed are called monocots.

  • Unbranched stem
  • fiborous root system
  • no secondary life (The diameter of the stem doesn't change)
  • Has a parralel vein system in its leaves.(Reticulated)
  • Flower petals are in multiples of three

Eg:Coconut, Grass ,Bamboo ,Paddy

Dicots : Plants which have two cotyledons  in its seed is called dicots.

  • Branched stem
  • tap root system
  • Has a secodary life
  • Has a webbed vein system
  • Flower petals are in multiples of 4s or 5s

Eg:  Beans, Breadfruit, chllies

 

doniyke | Student
Monocots seeds has one seadleaf while dicots have two seedleafs . Monocotyledon seeds undergo epigeal germination while dicotyledons seed undergo hypogeal germinations. Monocotyledon leafs are venated paralle while dicotyledon leafs are net venated. Examples of monocots are maize etc while examples of dicots are beans nd groundnuts. Most leguminous crops are dicotyledons while most cereals crops are monocotyledon .
lnj10 | Student

Monocots:

Embryo with single cotyledon

Pollen with single furrow or pore

Flower parts in multiples of three

Major leaf veins parallel

Stem vacular bundles scattered

Roots are adventitious

Secondary growth absent

Discots:

Embryo with two cotyledon

Pollen with three furrows or pores

Flower parts in multiples of four or five

Major leaf veins reticulated

Stem vascular bundles in a ring

Roots develop from radicle

Secondary growth often present

 

 

akshaybhaskar | Student

one simple and appropriate difference b\w monocot and dicot is that monocot is a single sead plant while dicot is a double sead plant.
an example of monocot is corn and
dicot is Gram Pea

farrytales | Student

monocots have one cotyledon,dicots have two cotyledon.

monocots have parallel venation,dicots have reteculate venation.

monocots has fibrous root, dicots has tap root

sathyaece | Student

Monocots have only one cotyledon, dicots have two cotyledons. A cotyledon contains stored food and serves as a food reservoir. Aside from the difference between the seeds of monocots and dicots there are other different structures that separate monocots and dicots. Monocots have long, narrow leaves with parallel veins (such as grasses.) The parts of monocot flowers are arranged in threes or in multiples of three. Dicots have broad leaves with branched veins. The parts of dicot flowers are arranged in fours and fives or multiples of fours and fives.

yash15 | Student

MONOCOTS                                         DICOTS

1.mono means one therefore it         1.di means two therefore in  is clear that monocot are plants          dicotyledonous plants two        one cotyledons are present                cotyledons are presents

2.the leaves in these plants              2.the leaves inthese plants          show parallel venetion                     show reticulate venetion

3.vascular bundles of the stem         3.vascular bundles of stem are    are closed and scattered in the         open and arranged in a ring      ground tissue

4.they have fibrous or adventitious   4.they have tap root system          root system

5.secondary growth does not occur   5.secondary growth occur

6.flowers are trimerous(have three     6.flowers are pentamerous     of each floral parts)                            (have five of each floral                                                                 parts)and tetramerous

monoman | Student

well ............i only know about MONOMAN i m an enginerring student!

madhusudan32 | Student

Monocots bear one cotyledons in their embryo, while other bear two cotyledons in their embryo.  On the basis of this the flowering plants have been divided into two big classes: monocotyledons and dicotyledons. Dicotyledons far outnumber monocotyledons.

Rice, maize, etc bear only one cotyledon in their embryo, while gram, bean, pea, Castor, etc, bear two cotyledons in their embryo. Monocotyledon seeds are mostly albuminous, while among dicotyledons both albuminous and ex-albuminous are common.  

 

saransh2012 | Student

The seed which produces one seed are called monocot seed while the seed produces two seeds are called dicot seeds

karachi007 | Student

Very easy to look up but time for me to practice what I learned.
Monocot vs Dicot. Flowering plants
the cot refers to something called a cotyledon which is the embryo. Mono means one and di means two. A dicot seed will look like a bean with two parts.
Monocots have parallel venation, fibrous root systems, lack true woody growth, flower parts come in multiples of threes, stems have scattered vascular bundles, pollen has one spore. EX. Palm trees, grasses, banana plants, orchids, bamboo, bromeliads
Dicots have net venation, taproot system, ma have woody growth, vascular bundels are in a ring, pollen has 3 spores, flowers in parts of 4 or 5. Ex. Oak trees, tomato, lettuce, hibiscus, roses, apple tree, (pretty much everything else !)

piyushrajdharmi | Student

Difference between monocots and dicots.

 

MONOCOTS DICOTS Embryo  with single cotyledon Embryo with two cotyledons Pollen with single furrow or pore Pollen with three furrows or pores Flower parts in multiples of three Flower parts in multiples of four or five Major leaf veins parallel Major leaf veins reticulated Stem vacular bundles scattered Stem vascular bundles in a ring Roots are adventitious Roots develop from radicle Secondary growth absent Secondary growth often present

 

irha-nadeem | Student

1) COTYLEDON: Monocots have 1 cotyledon in their seeds while dicots have 2 cotyledons in their seeds.

2)LEAVES: Leaves are thin, narrow in monocots while broad in dicots.

3)VENATION: Monocots have parallel venation while dicots have net venation.

4)ROOTS: Monocots have fibrous(thread like ) roots while dicots havetap root system.

5)FLOWERS: Monocots have small flowers while dicots have large flowers.

6)EXAMPLES: Examples of monocots are wheat, maize, rice, sugarcane, grass etc.Examples of dicots arepea, rose, sunflower, sarson, apple and mango etc.

monkeykhan | Student

mono- means one;

di- means two;

Cotyledon - A leaf of the embryo of a seed plant.

lumberjack1984 | Student

Monocott refers to plants like corn ,cellery where multi parallel cells run the same  where as dicott refers to plants with 2 lines of cells run from the leaf of a plant like the palm of your hand, maple leaves are dicott

sarthusengupta | Student

Monocots                                         Dicots

mono means one                            Di means 2

THat means monocots                     Dicots are the seeds

are the seads with                            with 2 cotelydens

single cotelyden

Eg. rice corn                                   Eg. peas

lifetushar | Student

monocot is single COTYLEDON and dicot is double COTYLEDON

this is dam easy man

jessicaalyas | Student

Monocots have only one cotyledon, dicots have two cotyledons. A cotyledon contains stored food and serves as a food reservoir. Aside from the difference between the seeds of monocots and dicots there are other different structures that separate monocots and dicots. Monocots have long, narrow leaves with parallel veins (such as grasses.) The parts of monocot flowers are arranged in threes or in multiples of three. Dicots have broad leaves with branched veins. The parts of dicot flowers are arranged in fours and fives or multiples of fours and five. Monocots have fibrous roots and Dicots have tap roots.

wsywin | Student

To put it simply,

a monocot has one cotyledon.

a dicot has two cotyledons.

jjrichardson | Student

This is the first time I have heard of this subject, so I will do my best.Traditionally, the flowering plants have been divided into two major groups, or classes,: the Dicots (Magnoliopsida) and the Monocots(Liliopsida). Many people take this separation into two classes for granted, because it is "plainly obvious", but botanists have not always recognized these as the two fundamental groups of angiosperms. Although Theophrastus (circa 370 BC) is credited with first recognizing differences between the two groups, classification of plants was based upon overall growth form -- trees, herbs, vines -- until the 1600s.  

leenaarun | Student

Flowering plants are divided into two classes as monocotyledons and dicotyledons.

MONOCOTYLEDONS:

Have seeds with one cotyledon(seed leaf)

Their foliage leaves are narrow with parallel veins.

The flower components occurs in multiples of three.

Sepals and petals are indistuinguishable hence called as sepals.

Lacks cambium.

DICOTYLEDONS:

Have seeds with two cotyledons.

Leaves are broad with a central midrib and branched viens

Flower parts occur in multiples of four or five

Sepals are small and petals are large and colorful.

Cambium is present and have woody stems.

sweetskittles24 | Student

 One of the differences are the leaves, monocots tend to have parallel vascular bundles while dicots have dispersed. Stems and Roots are also distingiushible, this is the formation of the vascular bundles.

twinkysweet30 | Student

MONOCOTS ARE THE SEEDS WITH A SINGLE COTYLEDON...AND DICOTS ARE THE SEEDS WITH TWO COTYLEDONS....AS SINPLE AS THAT

cooldarena | Student

monocots have single seed and dicot have double seeds

 

ashu39 | Student
They are often differentiated from gymnosperms by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (the ovary) within the flower, but this distinction is not always clear-cut. The division is composed of two classes: monocots and dicots. Monocots have flower parts in threes, scattered conducting strands in the stem, and usually prominent parallel veins in the leaves, and they lack a cambium. Dicots have flower parts in fours or fives, conducting strands arranged in a cylinder, a net-veined pattern in the leaves, and a cambium. Flowering plants reflect an immense diversity in habit, size, and form; they account for more than 300 families growing on every continent, including Antarctica. Flowering plants have adapted to almost every habitat. Most reproduce sexually by seeds via the specialized reproductive organs that are present in all flowers.
zingo | Student

monocots have 1 cotyledons and dicots have 2 cotyledons =)

darshim | Student

Monocotyledons have one seed while dicoltyledons have 2 seeds.

 

edum | Student

MONOCOT IS 1 SEED LEAF PLANT WHILE DICOT IS A 2 SEED LEAF PLANT.

crazynitin1998 | Student

monocots have 1 cotyledon and dicots have 2 cotyledons

sakshikewl | Student

monocotes: snigle seeds

dicots: double seeds. :)

decent444 | Student

Very easy to look up but time for me to practice what I learned.
Monocot vs Dicot. Flowering plants
the cot refers to something called a cotyledon which is the embryo. Mono means one and di means two. A dicot seed will look like a bean with two parts.
Monocots have parallel venation, fibrous root systems, lack true woody growth, flower parts come in multiples of threes, stems have scattered vascular bundles, pollen has one spore. EX. Palm trees, grasses, banana plants, orchids, bamboo, bromeliads
Dicots have net venation, taproot system, ma have woody growth, vascular bundels are in a ring, pollen has 3 spores, flowers in parts of 4 or 5. Ex. Oak trees, tomato, lettuce, hibiscus, roses, apple tree, (pretty much everything else !)

sagarravat | Student
  MONOCOTS DICOTS Embryo with single cotyledon Embryo with two cotyledons Pollen with single furrow or pore Pollen with three furrows or pores Flower parts in multiples of three Flower parts in multiples of four or five Major leaf veins parallel Major leaf veins reticulated Stem vacular bundles scattered Stem vascular bundles in a ring Roots are adventitious Roots develop from radicle Secondary growth absent Secondary growth often present

monocots- embryo with single cotyledon, pollen with single furrow or pore,  flower parts in parts of threes,  major leaf veins parallel,   stem vacular bundles scattered,  roots are adventitious,   secondary gowth absent.

dicots-Embryo with two cotyledons,    Pollen with three furrows or pores,  Flower parts in multiples of four or five,   Major leaf veins reticulated,  Stem vascular bundles in a ring,  Roots develop from radicle,     Secondary growth often present.

subhaditya18 | Student

monocots have 1 cotyledon.dicots have two cotyledons. monocots have parallel veins.dicots have reticulated veins

nalinidwivedi | Student

monocot is single cotyledon but dicot is double cotyledon

zumba96 | Student

Monocots are plants with leaves that are usually long and slender with veins that all run in one direction (from the stem toward the tip), fibrous roots, flower parts are in 3's, and seeds have two cotyledons. The vascular cambium of monocots occurs in bundles scattered throughout the stem. For example, grasses, corn. 

Dicots have leaves with netted veins, a long tap root, flower parts in 4's or 5's, and seeds with two cotyledons. The vascular cambium of dicots occurs in a ring within the stem. For example, apple trees, peas. 

twinkysweet30 | Student

Monocots                                         Dicots

mono means one                            Di means 2

THat means monocots                     Dicots are the seeds

are the seads with                            with 2 cotelydens

single cotelyden

Eg. rice corn                                   Eg. peas

rashmi0133 | Student

MONOCOT(MONO=ONE) WHICH CONTAINS ONE COTYLEDON.

DICOT(DI=TWO) WHICH CONTAINS TWO COTYLEDON

garixoxo | Student

MONOCOTS ARE THE SEEDS WITH A SINGLE COTYLEDON...AND DICOTS ARE THE SEEDS WITH TWO COTYLEDONS....AS SINPLE AS THAT! :)

abhimanyu-1 | Student

MONOCOT IS 1 SEED LEAF PLANT WHILE DICOT IS A 2 SEED LEAF PLANT.

abhimanyu-1 | Student

MONOCOT IS 1 SEED LEAF PLANT WHILE DICOT IS A 2 SEED LEAF PLANT.

birajlama123 | Student

monocot      

no cotyledon                                                                                                                                                                         

 

dicot                                                                                    onecotyledon