What is the difference between introversion and extroversion?
Looking to form a better understand of the relationship between introversion and extroversion and the correlation each has with different types of leaders around the world. (this is for a Psychology Term paper)
The terms introversion and extroversion were first developed by Carol Jung, as a way of distinguishing "inward" from "outward" turning people. These are, within Jungian psychology, two of a group of four pairs of traits that define 16 major personality types. The introvert typically is thoughtful, and enjoys spending time alone, has a small but close circle of friends, and like to focus one task at a time. Extroverts, on the other hand, gain energy from socializing, enjoy multi-tasking, often become bored in focused solitary pursuits, and have wide circles of friends. In politics, extroverts might be described as better at winning votes and introverts at thinking through complex policy issues.
C. G. Jung wrote an entire book titled Psychological Types in which he introduced the terms introvert and extravert (now often spelled extrovert). Here is a brief quote from this large and remarkable work:
The two types [introverts and extraverts] are so different and present such a striking contrast that their existence becomes quite obvious even to the layman once it has been pointed out. Everyone knows those reserved, inscrutable, rather shy people who form the strongest possible contrast to the open, sociable, jovial, or at least friendly and approachable characters who are on good terms with everybody, or quarrel with everybody, but always relate to them in some way and in turn are affected by them.
Jung, Psychological Types
Various self-tests for introversion/extroversion are readily available online. One offered by Psychology Today is partly free and very good. You can also take limited versions of the very popular Myers-Briggs type indicator test by going through Google. This test is based solidly on the theories of Jung presented in his Psychological Types. It is used to assist people in choosing careers, among other things. It would be very useful in helping students choose majors in college.