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What is the difference between deontological and teleological ethical systems for the control of ethical practices in criminal justice?

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A deontological system (also called virtue ethics) focuses on whether an action is inherently good or bad. A teleological system (also called consequentialist ethics) focuses on whether it has a good or bad result. A common thought experiment which distinguishes between the two concerns a man who enjoys kicking dogs. One day, he kicks a dog which is sleeping in the road. The dog howls and runs away. Moments later, a car comes speeding along the road so fast that it would certainly have killed the dog if it had still been lying there. From a deontological perspective, the man's action was bad, since it is cruel to kick dogs. From a teleological perspective, his action was good, since it saved the dog's life.

In the criminal justice system, a deontological approach would ensure that the punishment was proportionate and appropriate to the crime committed. A minor offense might be met with a fine, whereas a serious crime would merit time in prison, or even execution. A teleological approach...

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