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What is the difference between Dadaism and surrealism?

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Dadaism and surrealism are two distinct cultural movements though they both help to define the parameters of Modernism.

Dadaism came first, emerging originally in Zurich, as a direct response to the horror and pointlessness of World War I. Artists, writers, and other intellectuals who subscribed to Dadaism were unique in their individual interpretations of Dadaism, but they all rejected ideals that had to do with the notion of progress. After all, World War I was proof of the absurd uselessness of progress; in the context of the war, progress meant manipulative propaganda and the mass killing of young innocents. The absurdist style of Dadaist art functioned as a protest against these violations of society.

Surrealism came later, and though surrealism was also...

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