Analytic cubism involved portraying an object or objects from many different points of view at once in an attempt to depict space in a different way. An example of Analytic cubism is Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon.
Synthetic cubism was more about breaking an object or space into parts that could be represented with varying textures and shapes that would ultimately engage the viewer in a kind of game to figure out the reference and meaning behind each part. An example of Synthetic cubism would be Georges Braque’s Fruit Dish and Cards.
In reference to the change over from Analytic to Synthetic cubism Picasso is quoted in Gardner’s Art Through the Ages (10th edition), as saying, “we didn’t any longer want to fool the eye; we wanted to fool the mind ” (page 1050.)
The overall impact of cubism was giving the artist the power to portray reality in whatever way he or she wanted. What Braque and Picasso did with the cubist movement was more than just artistic self expression. It involved a different method of perceiving the world.