what is the difference between an animal cell and a plant cell?
Animal cells and plants cells have the following differences:
- Size: An animal cell (10-30 'mum') is smaller than a plant cell (10-100 `mum`).
- Cell wall: plant cells have a cellulosic cell wall, which is absent in the case of animal cells. The plasma membrane serves as the outermost boundary for an animal cell.
- Chloroplast: The presence of chloroplast enables photosynthesis in plant cells and it is absent in animal cells.
- Vacuole: A mature plant cell has a large vacuole, whereas animal cells may contain a number of small vacuoles.
- Location of nucleus: in plant cells, it lies on one side in peripheral cytoplasm, whereas in animal cells, it is generally in the center.
- Reserve food form: plant cells store reserve food in the form of starch, whereas animal cells contain reserved food as glycogen.
- Lysosomes: are absent in plant cells, whereas they are present in animal cells.
- cytokinesis method: in plant cells, cytokinesis occurs by cell plate method, whereas in animal cells, it occurs by construction or furrowing.
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