what is the difference between an animal cell and a plant cell?

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Animal cells and plants cells have the following differences:

  • Size: An animal cell (10-30 'mum') is smaller than a plant cell (10-100 `mum`).
  • Cell wall: plant cells have a cellulosic cell wall, which is absent in the case of animal cells. The plasma membrane serves as the outermost boundary for...

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Animal cells and plants cells have the following differences:

  • Size: An animal cell (10-30 'mum') is smaller than a plant cell (10-100 `mum`).
  • Cell wall: plant cells have a cellulosic cell wall, which is absent in the case of animal cells. The plasma membrane serves as the outermost boundary for an animal cell.
  • Chloroplast: The presence of chloroplast enables photosynthesis in plant cells and it is absent in animal cells.
  • Vacuole: A mature plant cell has a large vacuole, whereas animal cells may contain a number of small vacuoles.
  • Location of nucleus: in plant cells, it lies on one side in peripheral cytoplasm, whereas in animal cells, it is generally in the center.
  • Reserve food form: plant cells store reserve food in the form of starch, whereas animal cells contain reserved food as glycogen.
  • Lysosomes: are absent in plant cells, whereas they are present in animal cells.
  • cytokinesis method: in plant cells, cytokinesis occurs by cell plate method, whereas in animal cells, it occurs by construction or furrowing. 
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