What did the United States gain as a result of the Spanish-American War?

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jcross373 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Spanish-American War occurred in 1898 between Spain and the United States, mainly because of U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. As a result of the U.S. attacks on Spain's pacific possessions, the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War occurred. This ten-week war was fought in the Caribbean, as well as the Pacific.
The end result of the war was the Treaty of Paris, which was negotiated in favor of the United States. This treaty allowed the US temporary control of Cuba, and surrendered ownership of the Philippine Islands, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The surrender of the Philippines to the US required the US to pay Spain $20 million. The defeat of the Spanish Empire brought forth an artistic and philosophical change throughout Spain. The US acquired several new islands covering the globe, which ultimately sparked a debate over expansionism. The Spanish-American War was only one of eleven wars formally declared by Congress.