In "To Kill a Mockingbird", what did Scout's Uncle Learn from Scout and Atticus? is in Chapters 8-11

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In chapter 9, the Finch family gets together to celebrate Christmas at Finch's Landing, and Scout gets into a physical altercation with Francis Hancock after he calls Atticus a "nigger-lover." Scout ends up punching her cousin directly in the mouth, and Uncle Jack quickly restrains and spanks her. When they get home, Scout immediately runs into her room and slams the door. Uncle Jack then attempts to speak to Scout about the incident, and she tells him that he is not fair. Scout goes on to tell Uncle Jack that he doesn't understand children much and never gave her a chance to tell her side of the story before spanking her. After Scout tells Uncle Jack what Francis said, he apologizes to Scout for his aggressive reaction. Uncle Jack then bandages Scout's hand, and she asks him what a "whore-lady" is out of nowhere. He is caught off guard by Scout's explicit question and fabricates a story rather than telling her the truth.

Later that night, Scout overhears Uncle Jack speaking to Atticus and telling his brother that Scout taught him an important lesson in exercising discernment before passing judgment. Uncle Jack admits that he learned the importance of understanding both sides of a child's story before reacting. Uncle Jack then tells Atticus that Scout asked what a "whore-lady" was and says that he avoided telling her the truth by speaking about Lord Melbourne. Atticus then teaches his brother another lesson by telling Jack that children can easily spot an evasion and adults should always be honest with them.

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In chapter 9 Uncle Jack learns a little about how to talk to kids.  The first thing he learned from Scout.  When he pulled her away from her fight with Francis, he didn't listen to her side of the story. Scout says,

"Well, in the first place you never stopped to gimme a chance to tell you my side of it--you just lit right into me.  When Jem an' I fuss Atticus doesn't ever just listen to Jem's side of it, he hears mine too."

So he learns that he can't jump to conclusions with kids.  He needs to hear both sides of the story before acting.

Secondly, he learns how to answer the more difficult questions that kids bring up.  Scout wants to know what a "whore lady" is, since she's heard that and used it, but didn't know what she was saying.  Instead of telling her the truth, Jack goes only avoids the question and confuses her more.  Atticus told him to get to the point and tell kids the truth.

"When a child asks you something, answer him, for goodness' sake.  But don't make a production of it. children are children, but they can spot an evasion quicker than adults, and evasion simply muddles 'em."

This is what he learned from Atticus in the same scene.

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