What did Ralph from Lord of the Flies do as the leader?

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Ralph implements several important decisions as leader of the boys stranded on the island.  One of his first acts as chief is to establish the rule of using the conch to govern assembly meetings:

"We can't have everybody talking at once.  We'll have to have 'Hands up' like at school [...] Then I'll give him the conch" (33).

The conch becomes an important symbol of power and leadership from that moment on; Ralph's decision brings order and structure to the assembly meetings.  Another important act by Ralph is to emphasize the importance of maintaining the signal fire.  Ralph truly feels that rescue should remain the boys' most important objective on the island.  He has all the boys' best welfare at heart and strives to ensure that everyone's needs are being met.  He creates rules to guide the boys' behavior for eating, maintaining the fire, keeping the island clean by using the restroom in a specific area, and building huts to protect the boys from the elements.  Moreover, when he notices that the littluns struggle with their fears concerning the beast, Ralph attempts to address their nightmares and also take steps to make sure they feel safe on the island.

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