What did the Misfit mean when he said What would it have taken for the grandmother to have been a good woman late in the story?
"A Good Man is Hard to Find" (1955) tells the story of a family en route from Tennessee to Florida for vacation. Through a series of the mishaps by the grandmother and her cat, the family car wrecks near some woods in Florida. Two witnesses from a following car stop to aid the family, all of whom are relatively unscathed. The grandmother identifies one of the witnesses as The Misfit, a mass murderer on the loose.
Her admission is a death sentence for the family. The Misfit's accomplice takes the family into the woods and shoots them. The grandmother tries to save herself by pleading to the Misfit, "You've got good blood! I know you wouldn't shoot a lady! I know you come from nice people! Pray! Jesus, you ought not to shoot a lady. I'll give you all the money I've got!"
The Misfit responds, "Jesus was the only One that ever raised the dead and He shouldn't have done it. He shown everything off balance. If He did what He said, then it's nothing for you to do but thow away everything and follow Him, and if He didn't, then it's nothing for you to do but enjoy the few minutes you got left the best way you can--by killing somebody or burning down his house or doing some other meanness to him. No pleasure but meanness."
Just before it is her turn to be shot, the grandmother says, "Why you're one of my babies. You're one of my own children!" She touches the Misfit on the shoulder, and he springs back "as if a snake had bitten him and [shoots] her three times through the chest."
The Misfit tells his accomplice to throw the grandmother into the woods with the others, adding: "She would have bee a good woman if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life."
O'Connor uses the Misfit's existentialist sensibilities to cast off the grandmother's mindset of denying her transcendence.The grandmother's idealist arguments "you’re a good boy" and "you wouldn’t shoot a lady" are empty attempts to verify a truth for the situation that she wants to be affirmed in him, but that which she knows to be false. She has had a history of validating herself though the eyes of others, and O'Connor uses the Misfit's grotesqueness as a means of showing her "once saved, always saved" mentality, her hypocrisy, and her inauthenticity.
The speaker of O'Connor's "A Good Man is Hard to Find" writes near the conclusion of the piece:
"She would of been a good woman," The Misfit said, "if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life."
The Misfit believes he caused an epiphany, an awakening, in the grandmother by doing just what he mentions: holding a gun to her. The woman was ignorant, bigoted, closed-minded, stupid, cruel, petty, hypocritical, and put down everyone and everything she possibly could. The only chance she had of being a good woman was to be shocked and threatened with death every minute of her miserable life to force her out of her egocentric, self-centered, and selfish mindset.
Even if one interprets her final words as just more pious rhetoric rather than as an epiphany, which is quite possible, the meaning of The Misfit's words are the same: the only thing that would have changed that woman is to have a gun held to her head every minute of her life.