What did Martin Luther say about freewill?
This is a great question. Some historical context is important. Martin Luther was a theologian and one of the people who started the Protestant Reformation in Europe. During this time, he had many controversies and one of them was with Erasmus. It concerned the topic of freewill.
Martin Luther's little book, Bondage of the Will, argues that due to sin, that is, the fall of humanity in Adam (Genesis 3) that the human will is now bound by its fallen nature. Therefore, the human will is not completely free. It cannot choose righteousness. To put it another way, we are freely able to choose whatever sin we want to commit. He writes:
"For if man has lost his freedom, and is forced to serve sin, and cannot will good, what conclusion can more justly be drawn concerning him, than that he sins and wills evil necessarily?"
He again says:
"All the passages in the Holy Scriptures that mention assistance are they that do away with "free-will", and these are countless...For grace is needed, and the help of grace is given, because "free-will" can do nothing."
As one can see, Luther's theology emerges from his interpretation of the New Testament.
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