What did Gulliver's conscience not allow him to do?

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Gulliver's conscience will not let him participate in the total destruction of Blefuscu, or, as he puts it, he cannot allow himself to "be an Instrument of bringing a free and brave People into slavery."  He had already greatly pleased the emperor of Lilliput (and done great damage to Blefuscu) when he thwarted and seized most of the Blefuscudian fleet, cutting them free from their anchors and pulling them back to Lilliputian shores.  Gulliver had been shot with some two hundred arrows in his face and hands, and he was rewarded for his pains by being named a Nardac, the highest title of honor among the Lilliputians, by the emperor.  However, when the emperor asked him to come up with a way to seize the remainder of the Blefuscudian ships, hoping to force the country into submission to Lilliput, Gulliver refuses because his conscience will not allow him to be a party to the emperor's greed.

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