What did the English Bill of Rights establish?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

In December 1689, the British Parliament issued the Bill of Rights. This was an important document, drafted in the aftermath of James II's tyranny and the acceptance of the English throne by William and Mary. In essence, the Bill of Rights established the supremacy of Parliament  and this is evident in a number of its clauses....

See
This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

In December 1689, the British Parliament issued the Bill of Rights. This was an important document, drafted in the aftermath of James II's tyranny and the acceptance of the English throne by William and Mary. In essence, the Bill of Rights established the supremacy of Parliament and this is evident in a number of its clauses. The Bill allowed, for example, Parliament to convene every three years, for elections to be free from interference and for freedom of speech within each Parliament. It also banned any future monarch from keeping a standing army, e.g. a peacetime army, without Parliament's consent.

The Bill of Rights also limited royal power. It prohibited England from having a Catholic monarch, for example, and prevented any monarch from taxing the population or creating new laws without Parliament's consent. It also specified that people could petition the monarch without fear of being prosecuted. The Bill of Rights, then, weakened the power of the monarch in favour of Parliament.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team