Brigadier Samuel Chapman Armstrong established the school that is now known as Hampton University in 1868. At the time, the name of the school was the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. It was located in Hampton, Virginia.
This school was mainly a technical and vocational school. It was established with the idea that African Americans were not equal to white people and that they should be taught the sorts of skills that would allow them to fulfill their role in society. The most famous alumnus of the school was Booker T. Washington, who adhered to this idea at least to the extent that he thought blacks should accept a second class status in society while working hard so that whites would come to accept them.