The Treaty of Paris of 1763 eliminated French power in North America. France had been fighting the British in the Seven Years War from 1756-1763. The portion of this war that was fought in North America was called the French and Indian War. The French and most Native American tribes fought against Great Britain.
After the critical battle at Quebec, which the French lost, Great Britain was on its way to victory in North America. As a result of its defeat, France decided to get out of North America. This was reflected in the Treaty of Paris of 1763. The French gave Britain all of its land east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. This included land in the French Empire in Canada. France also gave its lands west of the Mississippi River and New Orleans to Spain. As a result of this war, France was completely out of North America.