Which of these statements about dialects is most correct?
Out of the four below which one is the best true
1. Dialect is uncomplicated version of standard english
2 North and south of US. speak different dialect of english language.
3. Educated people speak one type of dialect; uneducated people speak another kind of dialect.
4. Dialect is a thing depend on person's educational background.
Your question is not as easy as you may think because dialect has to do with vocabularly, grammar and pronunciation. Also, there are different kinds of dialect. Some dialects are regional, and these dialects have to do with the way language is pronounced as well as the different vocabulary terms from region to region. However, dialect can ALSO refer to one's educational level or social-economic level. In this case, numbers #3 and #4 could be true. However, in the strictest definition of dialect, I would have to choose #2 if I could ONLY choose one. Dialect can be very complicated, so #1 is not true, and #3 and #4 seem to be the same thing to me, so I am going with #2.
The people in the southern United States speak a regional dialect that is accented in a much different way than those that live in the northern United States. In fact, people from these regions often cannot understand each other if the pronunciation is especially pronounced, or "thick" as we say. A person with a "thick" Texas accent, for example, often cannot be understood by someone from the Bronx, New York, with a "thick" Bronx accent. But dialect is more than just accent. The vocabulary is different as well and based on various elements that are different in the culture, geography and history of the South and the North.
Of the statements presented, I would have to agree with the second one, but would give some qualifications. I would say that there is a different type of dialect in more than just North and South. The Western part of the United States features a distinct dialect that could differentiate it from other parts of the nation. Additionally, I would also propose as to what constitutes "North" and "South." If we are using the Civil War distinctions, I think that you will find that parts of Ohio or Indiana could actually sound more "South" than other parts of the states. Parts of Illinois sound more South than other parts in Chicago, for example. The dialect in Vermont, presumable considered to be "North," sounds vastly different than the dialects in Pennsylvania, which has a collection of dialects. I think that regionalism plays a major role in the formation and development of accents and dialects. It goes beyond North and South and becomes within a state and within a region of the nation.