To Autumn Questions and Answers
by John Keats

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What are the devices used in "To Autumn " by John Keats?

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Keats uses rhetorical questions in this poem, asking autumn the following:

Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store? . . . Where are the songs of spring? Ay, Where are they?

The second question, repeated twice, is an example of the type of repetition called epimone, which is repetition, usually of a question, for emphasis. The repetition of this question adds to the poem's sense of melancholy. Spring is long gone: it is juxtaposed against the bittersweet, if fertile, season of fall that is upon us, with winter to follow. However, the narrator quickly advises autumn to turn from those thoughts of spring, using alliteration or the repetition of the same consonant sound, in this case "th," to emphasize the switch in thoughts:

Think not of them, thou hast thy music too.

Keats also uses end rhymes . Each stanza begins, for example, with an ABAB rhyme scheme. In the third stanza, the rhyming words start off with every other last word rhyming: "they, too, day, hue." Keats uses a more complex end-rhyme...

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