In Julius Caesar, what devices does Antony use in his speech to the mob in order to instigate them against the murderers?

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Antony appeals to the emotions of the crowd largely through repetition, and, to some extent, irony . When he reiterates the statement that "Brutus is an honourable man," it's evident in context that he means the opposite. If someone has to keep saying the same thing over and over, most people would question its validity: it is the classic "protesting too much" phenomenon referred to by another Shakespeare character in another play. Antony's point is that Brutus is a phony—that the high-sounding words the man spoke just five minutes earlier were actually a cover for an indefensible act. The repetitions continue in Antony's rhetorically asking "was Caesar in this ambitious" as...

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He uses hyperbole masterfully. The phrase "and Brutus is an honorable man," several times, each time with less and less conviction.

Shakespeare also uses irony when he states. "I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him."

He uses the very arguments in favor of Caesar's execution, as his strongest arguments against it.