What details suggest madness in the story and its climax and how is the plot resolved?

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In Edgar Allan Poe's gothic tale, "The Masque of the Red Death," Prince Prospero's plan to stave off the plague by sequestering himself and his guests in an ancient abbey where they "girdled" in by a lofty wall that has iron gates certainly seems rather illogical.  For, it is as though the prince fortifies himself and his guests against a tangible enemy.  Even security guards are employed to prevent unwanted visitors. The discrepancies in the prince are indicated by the narrator who shows the contrast between Prospero's personality and the situation:

But the Prince Pospero was happy and dauntless and sagacious.  When his dominions were half depopulated, he summoned to his presence a thousand hale and light-hearted friends from among the knights and dame of his court....It was a voluptuous scene, that masquerade.

Like the Roman saying, "Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we may die," the court and its prince revel in the fete as they disguise themselves in luxurious and full...

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