What details in "The Devil and Tom Walker" reveal that Irving was specifically critical of the values held by the Puritans of Boston?

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The narrator makes a rather snide allusion to the Puritan religious revival movement of the early 18th century, the Great Awakening, when he describes the setting as "the time that earthquakes were prevalent in New England, and shook many tall sinners down upon their knees."

The incursion of the Puritans into Native American territory is referenced from the Puritan point of view as "the stories handed down from the times of the Indian wars, when it was asserted that the savages held incantations here and made sacrifices to the Evil Spirit." Clearly, the religious beliefs and rituals of Native Americans was denigrated by Puritans, and the term "savages" is repugnantly Eurocentric.

The judgmental attitude toward others that Puritans allegedly held is implied in the devil 's remark that "Deacon Peabody be damned . . . if he does not look more to his own sins...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 429 words.)

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