Dental plaque is a polysaccharide matrix in which there are locked the bacteria which are growing on the tooth surface. The main bacteria responsible with the dental cavities occurence is known as Streptococcus mutans.
The flavonoids (quercetin and myricetin) comprised into cranberries could effectively fight against the destructive effect of the bacteria mentioned above.The methods of struggle are numerous, such as:
-impeding of bacteria adherence to the teeth surfaces;
- enzymes inhibition
You could see the cranberry juice action over the teeth as a plating with teflon of a surface, blocking the bacteria which cause cavities to adhere to the surface of teeth.
The cranberry is also known for it's properties to prevent the adherence of pathogens of the bladder' surface, thus protecting the urinary tract of infections.
The cranberry juice prevent the building of dental plaque, made by bacteria with the help of glucosyltransferases, by inhibiting them.