What is dengue fever?

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brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Dengue Fever is ... no fun at all.  You get this disease in the tropics, and it is carried by mosquitoes.  Sometimes it is called Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, and it can be life threatening.  The World Health Organization fears this disease more than  malaria, which is saying something, and estimates there are about 50 million cases per year.

Symptoms include severe headache, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, red rashes on the limbs and chest, and a very high fever in the 102 - 107 degree range.  It can also include internal bleeding, and bleeding from orifices and vomiting.  Seriously, no fun.

The sickness usually lasts about a week.  There is no cure and no vaccine.  Treatment includes just keeping the body hydrated, the fever down and the blood plasma replaced, then letting the disease take its course.

dano7744's profile pic

dano7744 | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator

Posted on

Dengue fever is an acute (sudden onset)  febrile (causes fever)  illness that causes intense musculoskeletal pain. It is caused by a flavivirus and is transmitted to humans by the bite of a mosquito. It is common in tropical regions of the world and is fairly endemic. Epidemics are fairly common in those tropical regions and occasionally outbreaks will occur in the U.S. in the warmer months and in the warmer states, Texas is a good example.

A vector borne illness is any illness transmitted to man by an animal. Dengue fever is a good example as is Lyme disease transmitted by the deer tick.

Most people who contract dengue fever will have a full recovery. A small number of adults will die from the illness but in children it is commonly more fatal.

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davidjones129 | College Teacher | eNotes Newbie

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Dengue is an infectious viral disease caused by infected mosquito bites. Dengue symptom can include high fever, muscle pain, joint pain, headaches, rash and vomiting.

Dengue fever is also called ‘break bone’ and ‘dandy fever’ as it makes people assume awkward poses due to the severe pain and aches.

krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Dengue is a disease caused by virus carried by mosquitoes. Symptoms of this disease include fever, head and eye ache, and pain in muscles and joints. In some cases a dengue patient may also have a running nose, sore throat or skin rash.

The symptoms of this disease which is also called breakbone fever, generally three days to a week after being bitten by a mosquito carrying this infection. The fever exhibits a cyclic pattern in which is subsides and again rises several times. Usually the disease itself is not fatal. But in some patients, particularly children and the elderly it can cause a secondary reaction called dengue haemorrhagic shock syndrome

There is no drug available for controlling the infection itself. The treatment of dengue patient consists of measures like keeping the temperature down, and drinking lot of water with essential salts and minerals.

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