What is demineralization, and how does it affect the functioning of bone?

giorgiana1976 | Student

Over time, our bones are changing, causing us joint pain and fractures, changes caused mainly due to bone demineralisation.  This bone demineralisation leads to osteoporosis.

Although we are accustomed to think that osteoporosis is a disease that occurs with aging, osteoporosis is actually a consequence of our lifestyle.

A poor diet, the lack of movement, neglected health problems, all these could be rectified so that we'll enjoy a good health, even if years are passing by and we are getting older and older.

Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones are losing the mineral content and the weight, becoming fragile and prone to fracture. In fact, the word "osteoporosis" is translated as "porous bones." The most commonly, affected by osteoporosis, bones are the hip and spine, as they are the bones that bear the greatest burden.

Although any bone can suffer fractures, the fractures of the hip and spine are the most dangerous and they are often disabling. They cause immobilization of the patient's body, deformations or permanent disabilities.

radhika20 | Student

a  loss  or  decrease  of  the  mineral  constituents  of  the  body  or  individual  tissues,especially  of  bones  is referred to as demineralization  or   Osteoporosis.

Some of the many consequences due to osteoporosis are: Increased risk of fracture with minor trauma .

The risk of hip fracture for a 50-year-old woman during her lifetime is approximately 14%.

Vertebral fractures are more common and very disabling. One-third of patients with hip fractures are discharged to nursing homes and one-fifth live less than one year post fracture (pelvis, ribs etc.). Hip fractures affect quality of life, and some report that 80% of women older than 75 preferred death to a bad hip fracture resulting in permanent nursing home care.

Other quality of life factors include effects on physical health, skeletal deformity, and financial resources. Activities of daily living are affected, as only one-third regain their pre- fracture level of functioning. Depression, fear and anxiety often occur